No permit is required for the purchase of a rifle or shotgun (except in New York City). 2005): it essentially declared any gathering or assembly of gun owners for any purpose a “gun show” and infringed on the plaintiff gun associations’ and gun clubs’ right to lawfully assemble, right to free speech and right to petition the government. It is an offense to fail to comply with this requirement. Any dealer in firearms validly licensed pursuant to NY Penal Law § 400.00 does not have to register.
A license to carry or possess a pistol or revolver is required to purchase a handgun. As a result of the SAFE Act, private sales, exchanges or disposals of firearms (except those between members of an immediate family, as defined) require a national instant criminal background check (NICS check) to be completed by a firearms dealer, who must also complete a document, the form of which shall be approved by the superintendent of state police, that identifies and confirms that such check was performed. A firearms dealer may only charge up to to conduct the background check. (The State website advises that a dealer in firearms so licensed, or a Federal Firearms Licensee, would be automatically registered by the New York State Police as a seller of ammunition and “do not need to take any further action.” See https://
In the event such license or firearm(s) are not surrendered, “such items shall be removed and declared a nuisance and any police officer or peace officer acting pursuant to his or her special duties is authorized to remove any and all such weapons.” The NY SAFE Act amended state law regarding the name and address submitted by an applicant to obtain the license.
“Gun show” includes any building, structure or facility where firearms, rifles or shotguns are offered for sale or transfer and any grounds used in connection with the event. In addition, a background check is required prior to the transfer of ammunition to any person who is not a dealer in firearms or a seller of ammunition. See NY Penal Law § 265.20, "Exemptions," which exempts classes of individuals from prosecution under the statutes which regulate criminal possession of weapons.
A national instant criminal background check is required and no person shall sell or transfer a firearm at a gun show, except in accordance with the provisions of 18 U. Sellers of ammunition are required to verify the transferee’s ID and check with the statewide license and record database to confirm that the transferee is eligible to possess ammunition. Subdivision 7-e allows a person under the age of 21 but at least 14 years of age to possess and use a pistol or revolver under specific enumerated conditions.
A fee is charged fee for each amendment to the license.
In New York City and Nassau County, the City Council and Board of Supervisors, respectively, set the license fees without regard to the state law limitation.